Saturday, 18 February 2017

Getting started with Arduino - LED Blink Digital Output

Today we will start our Arduino tutorial with a very basic thing. There are many coders around the world who write codes to develop some cool softwares to run on computers, smartphones and tsablets. But there are very few who writes code to control hardware using their program. Writing a general basic program won't do that. You need some special devices called microcontrollers and microcomputers with GPIO pins which can control digital devices, read sensor data and perform different actions.
Arduino is most popular open-source board microcontroller. It has a number of digital, analog PWM pins which will serve our purpose. Here we will use Arduino to make LED blink every second.

Hardware Required

  • Arduino UNO
  • Breadboard
  • LED - We are using a red LED here
  • 220ohm resistor
  • Some Jumper wires
Build the circuit
  • Connect a M-M jumper from GND to breadboard
  • Connect GND of breadboard to -ve terminal of LED via resistorto avoid burning it.
  • Connect +ve of LED to pin3 of Arduino

Write the code/sketch
  • Open Arduino IDE and then go to Tools > Board > Arduino Uno. 
  • And also select Tools > Port > Arduino COM Port (COM3/COM4 like)
const int LED = 3;  //Pin to which LED is connected to Arduino

void setup() {
  pinMode(LED, OUTPUT);  //We would see output from this pin

void loop() {
  digitalWrite(LED, HIGH);  //Set HIGH voltage
  digitalWrite(LED, LOW);  //Set 0 voltage
Upload sketch to Arduino and see.

Cheers. Have Fun

Saturday, 13 February 2016

How to use Lists in Python - A close look

Today I am going to deal with lists in Python. Here I will dive into the details of lists covering how to use them . I will try to show you each way with code describing it in detail.
What is a List in Python?
 Lists in general is a data-structure which can hold a particular type of elements and its size can increase or decrease. But a List in Python is quite different. It is a built-in data type which can hold multiple types of elements - numbers, strings, tuples, lists, dictionaries.So this is the beauty of lists in Python.
How to declare a List in Python?
It is very easy to declare and initialize a list in Python. I will show how to create an empty list, list with similar type of elements and list with different type of elements.

Friday, 12 February 2016

Introductio to R – Why use R

The science of data analysis (statistics, psychometrics, econometrics, machine learning) has kept pace with this explosion of data. Before personal computers and the internet, new statistical methods were developed by academic researchers who published their results as theoretical papers in professional journals. It could take years for these methods to be adapted by programmers and incorporated into the statistical packages widely available to data analysts. Today, new methodologies appear daily. Statistical researchers publish new and improved methods, along with the code to produce them, on easily accessible websites.